Making model initialization faster
Recently, largeish pretrained models are the rage. But these take long to init. What can we do?
Maschinelles Lernen Lernen
Recently, largeish pretrained models are the rage. But these take long to init. What can we do?
Earlier this year, I started recording a PyTorch course with the idea to finally offer a PyTorch 101 certificate for those interested. Today, I'm giving you the first lecture video and notebook for free.
Most days, I write here about getting my hands dirty with code and keep mathematical insights for my friends and clients. Today, we look at a very high, almost philosophical level, of deep learning instead and discuss a small piece of intuition about deep learning.
PyTorch turned five years old recently. On this very day, 5 years ago, I joined the PyTorch forum and wrote my first post. To celebrate, I am sharing a an interactive model visualization in Jupyter Notebooks and GraphViz with you.
Every now and then, people wonder whether using inplace operations is a good way to reduce the memory consumption of PyTorch models. Let us look at this in some detail.
What is the model when we are using TorchVision's ResNet? And how many?
Sanyam Bhutani organizes a reading group for our book. I had the special honour of being able to chat about community ressources in PyTorch for the kick-off.
Today, I'm launching my first course, all about autograd.
So I have not blogged about TorchDrift yet, even though I did a lot of writing and talking on it since we released it in March.
I like Jupyter Notebooks a lot. But so while linking in images in Markdown is quite handy, I sometimes want the Jupyter Notebooks to work on their own without zipping up a lot files. Because I could not find a tool that does this, I wrote a quick and dirty script to (approximately) inline images.
An Vorschlägen für CoViD19-Strategien mangelt es nicht. Aber wie sollten wir sie kommunizieren?
One of the key difficulty of the almost everything can be scripted promises is what to do with functions the JIT doesn't understand. In lieu of re-implementing all of Python we need to fall back to the Python we have selectively. Join me today in looking how that can be done.
One part of achieving TorchScript's full potential is improving the developer experience, in particular, I would like to make it more accesible from Python. But to know the gap, we need to assess the (near-future, hopefully) status quo. I invite you to join me in this exploration.
The PyTorch JIT and its TorchScript language cover important parts of PyTorch's core goals. But are we integrating them in the right way into PyTorch? Here is a wish and plan for 2021.
In our series of PyTorch JIT blog posts, we take a close look at what happens behind the scenes when we call a TorchScript function from Python.
Today we look at TorchScript, the language implemented by the PyTorch JIT ("Just in Time compiler"), PyTorch's solution for deployment and model optimization.
Today we'll do something totally different. We build a turtle graphics class in Python.
Join me implementing PyTorch Anomaly Detection for C++!
Coming soon: The ultimate PyTorch autograd course.
Sometimes, we want our neural network's parameters to have contraints, e.g. be positive. PyTorch notoriously doesn't provide an infrastructure for this. We present a gross hack to deliver a neat interface.
We look at the some best practices but also try to shed some light at the rationale behind it. Whether this becomes a series or an updated blog post, we will see.
The other day, I noticed that someone had copied code from me and not cared much about licensing. I found that quite outrageous at first, but it seems that while I have some kind of history with licenses and people caring about it, it seems that not many people are aware of licensing. So here are a few thoughts.
Today we look at how to bridge PyTorch with TVM, using BERT as an example.
Today we visualize some common neural network structures.
Eine der aktuell meistdiskutierten Kennzahlen der Epidemie ist die Reproduktionszahl R und deren Schätzung durch das Robert-Koch-Institut. In diesem Artikel vollziehen wir - so gut wie uns möglich - die zugrundeliegende Schätzung der Neuerkrankungszeitreihe. Das erlaubt es uns auch, analoge Kennzahlen für Bundesländer zu berechnen.
Je nach Perspektive waren diese Woche die Lockerungsdiskussionsorgien oder aber das Wort der Aufreger.
In den meisten Ländern Westeuropas sind wir glücklicherweise, aber leider wohl auch erst mal über die Phase exponentiellen Wachstums der Fallzahlen hinaus. Für den aufsteigenden Trend der Epidemie haben die Zeitungs- und Online-Redakteure mit der Zeit anschauliche Kennzahlen und Graphiken aufgenommen oder entwickelt. Wie könnte man für die Phase der Reduktion jetzt sinnvoll die Lage und Entwicklung messen?
Kann man das nur mit Modellen oder auch relativ direkt auf Basis der Fallzahlen?
Thankfully, the measures taken to reduce the transmission of the coronavirus seem to work.
In Germany (and elsewhere) we're seeing a discussion on lifting restrictions.
It would be good to inform the discussion with some quantitative picture of the trade-off here.
Epidemiology is the science of the distribution, patterns, and determinants of diseases. We are interested in the distribution here. Like in many scientific fields mathematical modeling plays a large role. We look a a basic model for the spread of disease.
Epidemiologie ist die Wissenschaft von der Ausbreitung von Krankheiten. Wie in vielen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen gibt es mathematische Modelle, mit denen man versuchen kann, die Ausbreitung zu beschreiben. Wir werfen heute einen Blick auf ein grundlegendes Modell.
I have been more than usually quiet here. This is not because I have been writing little, but because I have been writing much. I'm very thrilled to work with Eli Stevens and Luca Antiga on our book, Deep Learning with PyTorch.
I'm experimenting with low-barrier sponsoring of some of my work via GitHub Sponsors. Here is the first report for subscribers.
Today we look at how to build PyTorch on AMD's ROCm.
An extension providing offline Neural Machine Translation in LibreOffice Writer.
Explaining AI outputs has been a topic I have worked on implementing quite a bit. Last May I gave a talk Der KI auf die Finger geschaut (Keeping an eye on the AI) to mathematicians and actuaries at the University of Göttingen.
Today we look at the Sinkhorn iteration for entropy-regularised Wasserstein distances as a loss function between histograms.
Three of the most liked features of PyTorch are the extensible autograd mechanism, the ability to extend PyTorch with C++ efficiently, and the tracing/scripting mechanism. Which leads to the natural question - can we have all at the same time?
In this post, we dive into the autograd internals and come out with a solution.
PyTorch is a great project and I have only met very helpful people when contributing to it. However, the code base can be quite intimidating. Here we look at fixing a simple bug in detail and see that it is a less daunting task than it might seem at first.
And now for something completely different: In order to access the Fischertechnik Robotics TXT's camera functions under Wine, one needs to cope with the camera port being opened slowly. We provide a small Python proxy to solve this.
Exponentially weighted moving averages are used in several places in machine learning (often under the header of momentum). We look at the connection between batch size and momentum.
In a second very technical PyTorch JIT article, we look at graphs, specialization, and the impact on optimizations in the JIT.
Implementing fast recurrent neural networks is a challenging task. This is not only a hassle for training existing architectures - sometimes optimized implementations such as CuDNN's LSTM help there. More gravely, it also limits experimentation with new architectures.
This week, we had a PyTorch Meetup in Munich at Microsoft.
It was great to see more than 90 people visit for the two talks and PyTorch chat over Pizza and drinks afterwards! Piotr Bialecki gave a talk on semantic search on the PyTorch forums, and I had the honor of talking about PyTorch, the JIT, and Android.
Recently, I discussed the use of PyTorch on Mobile / IoT-like devices. Naturally, the Caffe2 Android tutorial was a starting point. Getting it to work with Caffe2 from PyTorch and recent Android wasn't trivial, though. Apparently, other people have not had much luck, I easily got a dozen questions about it on the first day after mentioning it in a discussion.
This should be easier. Here is how.
The beauty of PyTorch is that it makes its magic so conveniently accessible from Python. But how does it do so? We take a peek inside the gears that make PyTroch tick.
(Note that this is a work in progress. I'd be happy to hear your suggestions for additions or corrections.)
Today I gave a talk on Alex Graves's classic RNN paper and what I took away from implementing the handwriting generation model in PyTorch. To me, the density of insights combined with the almost complete absence of mechanical bits as well as the relatively short training time, makes this a very worthwhile exercise that I can heartily recommend to anyone interested in RNNs.
The beautiful thing of PyTorch's immediate execution model is that you can actually debug your programs.
Sometimes, however, the asynchronous nature of CUDA execution makes it hard. Here is a little trick to debug your programs.
At the excellent fast.ai course and website, they are training a language model zoo.
It's a charming idea and here is (not quite complete yet) code and model I got for German.
The other day I got a question how to do wavelet transformation in PyTorch in a way that allows to compute gradients (that is gradients of outputs w.r.t. the inputs, probably not the coefficients). I like Pytorch and I happen to have a certain fancy for wavelets as well, so here we go.
This is following up on my post on improved and semi-improved training of Wasserstein GANs. A few days ago, Kodaldi et al published How to Train Your DRAGAN. They introduce an algorithmic game theory approach and propose to apply the gradient penalty only close to the real-data manifold. We take a look at their objective function, offer a new possible interpretation and also consider what might be wrong in Improved Training objective.
While doing so we introduce PRODGAN and SLOGAN.
We look at Improved Training of Wasserstein GANs and describe some geometric intuition on how it improves over the original Wasserstein GAN article.
Updated: We also introduce Semi-Improved Training of Wasserstein GANs, a variant that is simpler to implement as it does not need second derivatives.